Which Query Used the Most CPU? Implementing Extended Events

SQL Server, T-SQL, Tools
A question that comes up on the forums all the time: Which query used the most CPU. You may see variations on, memory, I/O, or just resources in general. However, people want to know this information, and it's not readily apparent how to get it. While you can look at what's in cache through the DMVs to see the queries there, you don't get any real history and you don't get any detail of when the executions occurred. You can certainly take advantage of the Query Store for this kind of information. However, even that data is aggregated by hour. If you really want a detailed analysis of which query used the most CPU, you need to first set up an Extended Events session and then consume that data. A…
Read More

Query Store, Plan Forcing and Table Variables

SQL Server, T-SQL
This weekend I was in Stockholm in Sweden, talking Query Store and plan forcing with Steinar Anderson, when he mentioned the problems he had while forcing plans that had table variables in them. Don't panic. Of course you can force a plan with a table variable, most of the time. Steinar had a fairly focused problem. Before I go on to explain the issue, let me be really clear, Steinar figured out the issue all on his own. When he outlined the problem, I saw immediately what his conclusion was going to be. What's spurring this blog post is that Steinar said he'd searched on the internet and no one had talked about the issue yet. So, let's talk about it. Plan Forcing With Table Variables First up, let's show…
Read More

Missing Indexes in the Query Store

SQL Server 2016, SQL Server 2017, T-SQL, Tools
I've shown before how to use the DMVs that read the plan cache as a way to connect the missing indexes suggestions with specific queries, but the other place to find missing index suggestions is the Query Store. Pulling from the Query Store The plans stored in the Query Store are exactly the same as the plans stored within the plan cache. This means that the XML is available and you can try to retrieve information from it directly, just as we did with the missing index queries against the DMVs. Here's the query modified for the Query Store: [crayon-5d079a631ded2184767682/] A couple of notes on the query. I cast the query_plan as xml so that I can use the XQuery to pull out the information. It is possible that the…
Read More

Installing Extensions to Azure Data Studio

Azure, SQL Server 2016, SQL Server 2017, T-SQL
If you're even thinking about experimenting with, let alone actively using, Azure Data Studio, you need to plan on installing a few extensions. Buck Woody has a great list that you should look through in this blog post. If you're just getting started with Azure Data Studio, I have an introduction here. Depending on the extension, this could be a simple as a mouse click. However, not all the extensions are that easy. Let's explore this just a little so when you do start using Azure Data Studio, things are easy. Extension From a Mouse Click For this bit of the blog post, we'll stick to nothing but mouse clicks, but, if you really want to bring the power within Azure Data Studio, you really need to learn keyboard shortcuts…
Read More

Query Store and a READ_ONLY Database

T-SQL, Tools
What happens in Query Store when the database itself is READ_ONLY? Yeah, I don't know. Let's find out. READ_ONLY The only way to find out how this works is to test it. So, let's write some code: [crayon-5d079a6321cdb575612994/] Executing that resulted in a small glitch in the Matrix: 8:00:54 AMStarted executing query at Line 1Commands completed successfully.8:00:54 AMStarted executing query at Line 2Commands completed successfully.8:00:54 AMStarted executing query at Line 5Msg 5004, Level 16, State 6, Line 5To use ALTER DATABASE, the database must be in a writable state in which a checkpoint can be executed.Msg 5069, Level 16, State 1, Line 5ALTER DATABASE statement failed.Total execution time: 00:00:01.448 Well that's not going to work. Here's more code: [crayon-5d079a6321cef822295300/] I'll run the last query there twice, once to get it…
Read More

Combine Extended Events and TagWith to Monitor Entity Framework

SQL Server 2016, SQL Server 2017, T-SQL
I'm going to start with a sentence that makes a lot of people crazy; As a DBA and database developer, I love Entity Framework. That's right. Entity Framework is the bomb. It's amazing. It does wonderful stuff. Entity Framework makes the developers lives and jobs easier. It makes my life and job easier. Yes, Entity Framework will improve your job quality and reduce stress in your life. With one caveat, it gets used correctly. That's the hard part right? There is tons of technology that makes things better, if used correctly. There are all sorts of programs that make your life easier, if used correctly. Yet, all of these, used incorrectly, can make your life a hell. One nit that I've always had with Entity Framework is that it's very…
Read More

All Day, Training Day at SQLBits

Azure, SQL Server 2016, SQL Server 2017, T-SQL
It's a somewhat late addition, but I have an all-day Training Day at SQLBits. It takes place on Thursday, February 28th. You can read all about it on the SQLBits web site. I want to take a moment here to expand on the information that we're going to cover. I think the abstract does a good job of conveying what we'll be doing all day, but I figured a little more detail won't hurt. Query Tuning is Hard This is the very first thing I talk about. Query tuning is hard. I've got a nearly 1,000 page book on the topic, which should give you an idea of just how much material there is to cover. With the training day I've decided to focus on the tools that Microsoft gives…
Read More

Forcing a Plan That Has a Plan Guide

SQL Server 2016, SQL Server 2017, T-SQL
The question that came up during a recent class I was teaching was: What if you have a plan guide to get the plan you want, but then decide, instead of using the plan guide, you'll just force the plan? Ummmm…. No idea. Let's test it. First, Create a Plan Guide I have a couple of queries I use to teach about how statistics affects plan choice, so we'll use that here. I'm going to also define and create a plan guide that makes this plan use a small row count for all queries against it: [crayon-5d079a6324b23915030466/] This is a really straight forward example of a plan guide. The only thing of note is that you should see that I have formatted my @stmt value exactly the same as what…
Read More

Bad Query Performance Tips Rebutted

T-SQL
Once upon a time, someone, somewhere, wrote a list of bad query performance tips and they've been copied all over the internet, over and over. Even worse, sometimes the tips are copied or edited incorrectly, making a bad suggestion even worse. Can we please, stop copying this list? I've tried to poke holes in this list before, one point at a time. This time, I'm just taking it all on. Follow This Advice I'm going to list all the bad query performance tips and I'll explain where they're good and where they're bad. However, the single most important thing I can tell you is, test your own system. Some of these tips have some merit, situationally. You'll need to see if you're in the situation. So please, don't just trust…
Read More

Explicitly Drop Temporary Tables Or Wait For Cleanup?

SQL Server, SQL Server 2016, SQL Server 2017, T-SQL
I was recently asked if we are going to see performance differences if we explicitly drop temporary tables. I couldn't remember the specifics, but I said it actually didn't matter. However, that answer has bugged me, so I set up a quick test. Explicitly Drop Temporary Tables We could make this a crazy set of tests, but I wanted to keep things relatively simple. I created two procedures that create identical temporary tables. One drops the tables, the other doesn't: [crayon-5d079a63284ab593218301/] I then set up Extended Events to capture the query metrics and I executed each of the queries multiple times (also, just for the test, I discarded the results because I didn't want that process mucking with my measurements). After executing both procedures 500 times, the results were quite…
Read More